While before fatty liver is mainly associated with excessive consumption of alcohol, today is not the only cause. Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) and hepatic steatosis in a disease associated with obesity, dyslipidemia and metabolic syndrome. Therefore it is important to know what values indicate a possible fatty liver.
At first you may be suffering from this condition and not realize that you suffer this disease specifically. Fatty liver has no specific symptoms and signs, and in many cases are also fuzzy, so it can be confused with other diseases.
It is therefore very important to know the values of liver function.
What values indicate the presence of fatty liver?
- Moderate increase in alanine aminotransferase (ALT). Normal value: 7-41 U/L
- Moderate increase of Aspartate aminotransferase (AST). Normal value: 12-38 U/L
- AST/ALT ratio is more than 1
- Increased alkaline phosphatase. Normal value: 33-96 U/L
- Gamma-glutamyl transferase. Normal value: 9-58 U/L
- Normal albumin. Normal value: 3.5-5.5 G/DL
- Total bilirubin normal. Normal value: 0.3-1.3 mg/dl
- Indirect bilirubin normal. Normal value: 0.2-0.9 mg/dl
- Direct bilirubin normal. Normal value: 0.1-0.4 mg/dl
- Increased cholinesterase. Standard value: 5-12 U/L
- Increased total cholesterol. Normal value: Up to 200 mg/dl
- Increased LDL cholesterol. Standard value: up to 160 mg/dl
- Increased triglycerides. Normal value: Up to 199 mg/dl
- Increased glucose. Standard value: Up to 100 mg/dl
- Increased serum Ferritin. Normal value: 15-300 ug/l
- Increase transferrin saturation. Normal value: +45%
It is important to note that these indicators may not be indicating only fatty liver, so it is essential to conduct diagnostic imaging including ultrasound, MRI and/or CT.
The fatty liver is a disease that is unfortunately growing. Therefore, it is important to take care both in the food, how to increase daily physical activity. These two treatments can be useful to prevent and improve the quality of life.